Evaluation of Leading Education Program on Madrasah Aliyah Negeri Insan Cendekia Serpong Tangerang Selatan

Evi Sopandi

Abstract


Abstract

This study aimed at evaluating the implementation of education at MAN Insan Cendekia Serpong as a leading school, in the perspective of its antecedents, transactions, and outcomes. This study was using Countenance model of evaluation from Stake as the basis of its methodology. The data were collected from all educational elements at MAN Insan Cendekia Serpong, including the principal, teachers, and students limited into the second and the third year pupils. The data were collected using questionnaires, documentations, observations, and interviews. The result of the research revealed the followings. First, almost all of the aspects of the antecedents, were in ideal conditions. Second, internally, the process of education at MAN Insan Cendekia ran well, and externally, related to its function as a model, the implementation was not optimal yet. And finally the third, the learning achievement of the students of MAN Insan Cendekia, which was indicated by their scores on UN and various level achievements, increased compared to the result of the previous years, and this could be valued as a good achievement of MAN Insan Cendekia in performing the educational process.

Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi pelaksanaan pendidikan di MAN Insan Cendekia Serpong sebagai sekolah terkemuka, dalam perspektif anteseden, transaksi, dan hasil. Penelitian ini menggunakan model evaluasi Countenance dari Pasak sebagai dasar metodologinya. Data dikumpulkan dari seluruh elemen pendidikan di MAN Insan Cendekia Serpong, termasuk kepala sekolah, guru, dan siswa kelas dua dan tiga. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner, dokumentasi, observasi, dan wawancara. Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan berikut ini. Pertama, hampir semua yang aspek anteseden, seperti jumlah siswa dan kualitas input mahasiswa, ketersediaan sumber pendukung pembelajaran, kualitas guru, dalam kondisi ideal. Kedua, Secara internal, proses pendidikan di MAN Insan Cendekia berjalan dengan baik, dan secara eksternal terkait dengan fungsinya sebagai model, implementasinya belum optimal. Para siswa dan guru memandang bahwa implementasi pendidikan di MAN Insan Cendekia berjalan dengan baik, sehubungan dengan fasilitas belajar yang lebih lengkap daripada di sekolah lain. Dan akhirnya yang ketiga, prestasi belajar siswa MAN Insan Cendekia, yang ditunjukkan oleh skor mereka di UN dan berbagai tingkat prestasi, meningkat dibandingkan dengan hasil tahun-tahun sebelumnya, dan ini bisa dinilai sebagai pencapaian yang baik dari MAN Insan Cendekia dalam melakukan proses pendidikan.


Keywords


Learning achievement; MAN Insan Cendekia Serpong; Sources of learning; Learning achievement; MAN Insan Cendekia Serpong; Sources of learning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Asep Sukendar. (2000). Sekolah unggulan berasrama model SMU Taruna Nusantara Magelang Jawa Tengah: evaluasi proses pendidikan dan pembinaannya. Tesis master, tidak diterbitkan, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY), Yogyakarta.

Azyumardi Azra. (2002). Paradigma baru pendidikan nasional: rekonstruksi dan demokratisasi. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kompas.

Ballantine, J. H. (1993). The sociology of education: a systematic analysis. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall Inc.

Bollen, R. (1996). School effectiveness and school improvement: the intellectual and policy context. Dalam David R. & Nijs L., et al., (Eds.), Making good schools: linking school effectiveness and school improvement (pp. 1-20). London: Routledge.

Chesler, M. A. & Cave, W. M. (1981). Sociology of education: access to power and privilege. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. Inc.

Creemers, B. (1996). The goals of school effectiveness and school improvement. Dalam David R. & Nijs L., et al., (Eds.), Making good schools: linking school effectiveness and school improvement (pp. 21-35). London: Routledge.

---------------. (1996). The school effectiveness knowledge base. Dalam David R. & Nijs L., et al., (Eds.), Making good schools: linking school effectiveness and school improvement (pp. 36-58). London: Routledge.

Davis, A. G. & Thomas, A. M. (1989). Effective schools and effective teachers. Massachusetts: Allyn & Bacon.

Dirjen Dikmenum. (1999). Model pembaharuan pada sekolah menengah umum: pengalaman Indonesia. Diambil pada tanggal 25 September 2004, dari http://www.perkembangan.net./changei.html.

Field, A. (2000). Discovering statistics using SPSS for Windows: an advanced techniques for the beginner. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Goodlad, J. I. (1969). Thought, invention, and research in the advancement of education. Dalam Marvin Bower & Sterling M. McMurrin (Eds.), The schools and the challenge of innovation (pp. 91-107). New York: Committee for Economic Development.

Guba, E. G. & Lincoln, Y. S. (1981). Effective evaluation. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass Inc., Publishers.

Hamzah B. Uno, Herminanto Sofyan, & I Made Candiasa (2001). Pengembangan instrumen untuk penelitian. Jakarta: Delima Press.

Henerson, M. E., Morris, L. L., & Gibbon, C. T. (1978). How to measure attitudes. The Regents of The University of California.

Hisyam, D. (1998). Evaluasi pelaksanaan pendidikan Sekolah Menengah Umum (SMU) unggul di SMU Negeri 1 Yogyakarta. Tesis master, tidak diterbitkan, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY), Yogyakarta.

Hopkins, D., & Lagerweij, N. (1996). The school improvement knowledge base. Dalam David R. & Nijs L., et al., (Eds.), Making good schools: linking school effectiveness and school improvement (pp. 59-93). London: Routledge.

Hornby, A. S. (1995). Oxford advanced learner’s dictionary of current English. 5thed. London: Oxford University Press.

Isaac, S. dan Michael, B. W. (1981). Handbook in research and evaluation: for education and the behavioral sciences, 2nd ed. San Diego: EdITS Publishers.

Kaplan, R. M., & Saccuzo, D. P. (1982). Psychological testing: principles, applications, and issues. Monterey: Brooks/Cole Publishing.

Kaufman, R. & Thomas, S. (1980). Evaluation without fear. New York: New Viewpoints.

Kerlinger, F. N. (1988). Asas-asas penelitian behavioral. (3rd ed.). (Terjemahan Gajahmada University Press). Yogyakarta: Gajahmada University Press.

Kleinbaum, D. G., & Kupper, L. L. (1978). Applied regression analysis and other multivariable methods. Boston: PWS Publishers.

Koster, W. (2000). Pengaruh input sekolah terhadap outcome sekolah; survai di SLTP Negeri DKI Jakarta. Dalam Jurnal pendidikan dan kebudayaanNo. 025, halaman 358-368

Linn, R. L. (1989). Educational measurement. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Mehrens, W. A. & Lehmann, I. J. (1978). Measurement and evaluation in education and psychology. New York: Holts Rinehart and Winston Inc.

Mortimore, P. (1991). The Nature and findings of research on school effectiveness in primary sector. Dalam Sheila Riddell & Sally Brown (Eds.), School effectiveness research: its messages for school improvement (pp. 9-19). Education Departement The Scottish Office, Scotland.

Nunnaly, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory. (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw Hill Inc.

Nurul Imtihan. (2005). Kultur sekolah dan kinerja siswa di MAN Yogyakarta III. Tesis master, tidak diterbitkan, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY), Yogyakarta.

Pohlmann, J. T. (2004). Factor analysis glossary. Diambil pada tanggal 8 November 2004, dari http://www2.chass.ncsu.edu/garson/Factor_Analysis_Glossary.htm.

Preedy, M. (1993). Managing the effective school. London: Paul Chapman Publishing Ltd.

Reynolds, D., & Stoll, L. (1996). Merging school effectiveness and school improvement. Dalam David R. & Nijs L., et al., (Eds.), Making good schools: linking school effectiveness and school improvement (pp. 94-112). London: Routledge.

Reynolds, D. (1991). School Effectiveness in Secondary Schools: Research and Its Policy Implications. Dalam Sheila Riddell & Sally Brown (Eds.), School effectiveness research: its messages for school improvement (pp. 21-33). Education Departement The Scottish Office, Scotland.

Riddell, S., & Brown, S. (1991). School effectiveness: establishing the link with research. Dalam Sheila Riddel & Sally Brown (Eds.), School effectiveness research: its messages for school improvement (pp. 1-7). Education Departement The Scottish Office, Scotland.

Rogers, E. M. (1995). Diffusion of innovations. New York: The Free Press.

Saefuddin Azwar. (2003). Reliabilitas dan validitas. Cetakan IV. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

------------. (2004). Penyusunan skala psikologi. Cetakan VI. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Scheaffer, C. L., Mendenhall, W., & Ott, L. (1986). Elementary Survey Sampling. Boston: Duxbury Press.

Sri Hartini. (2002). Evaluasi program Madrasah Aliyah Keagamaan (studi kasus di Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 1 Surakarta). Tesis master, tidak diterbitkan, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY), Yogyakarta.

Squires, D. A., Huitt, W. G. & Segars, J. K. (1983). Effective schools and classrooms: a research-based perspective. Alexandria: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD).

Stake, R. E. (1973). The countenance model of educational evaluation. Dalam Worthen, R., B. dan Sanders, R., J. (Eds.). Educational evaluation: theory and practice (pp. 106-125). Worthington: Charles A. Jones Publishing Company.

Sudjana, N. (1992). Metoda statistika. Bandung: Tarsito.

Sugiarto & Deny Oetomo, et al. (2001). Teknik sampling. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Sugiyono. (2002). Metode penelitian bisnis. Cetakan keempat. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suharsimi Arikunto. (1988). Penilaian program pendidikan. Cetakan pertama. Jakarta: PT Bina Aksara.

Sumarno. (Agustus 2000). Sifat, syarat, dan manajemen perubahan menuju madrasah unggulan. Makalah disajikan dalam lokakarya intern tanggal 19 Agustus 2000, di Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 3 Yogyakarta.

Suryanto. (1988). Metode statistika multivariat. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Thomas, J. A. (1969). Governmental cooperation to improve efficiency in education. Dalam Marvin Bower & Sterling M. McMurrin (Eds.), The schools and the challenge of innovation (pp. 30-56). New York: Committee for Economic Development.

Thompson, B. & Daniel, L. G. (1996). Factor analytic evidence for the construct validity of scores: a historical overview and some guidelines [Versi elektronik]. Educational and psychological measurement (pp. 197-208), Vol 56 No. 2, April 1996. Ditampilkan di internet, diambil pada tanggal 8 November 2004, dari situs http://www.coe.tamu.edu/~bthompson/article1.

Thorndike, R. L. & Hagen, E. P. (1969). Measurement and evaluating in psychology and education. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inch.

Townsend, T. (1994). Effective schooling for the community: core-plus education. London: Routledge.

Tyler, R. W. (1969). The problems and possibilities of educational evaluation. Dalam Marvin Bower & Sterling M. McMurrin (Eds.), The schools and the challenge of innovation (pp. 76-90). New York: Committee for Economic Development.

Umaedi. (1999). Manajemen peningkatan mutu berbasis sekolah: sebuah pendekatan baru dalam pengelolaan sekolah untuk peningkatan mutu.. Diambil pada tanggal 25 September 2004, dari http://www.dikmenum.org.id/directori.html.

Wiersma, W. (1986). Research methods in education: an introduction.4th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.

Worthen, R., B. dan Sanders, R., J. (1973). Educational evaluation: theory and practice. Ohio: Charles A. Jones Publishing Company.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32729/edukasi.v17i2.612

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 Creative Commons License

Indexed by:

  Open Archives Initiative  Find in a library with WorldCat